I’m back from the PASTEUR4OA Kick-Off Meeting in Guimarães (close to Porto), a project in which euroCRIS participates, related to aligning Open Access policies in Europe.
So, after diving into the Open Data world these last months, for the ENGAGE project, I’m now going through a self-taught “crash course” about OA policies in France to update myself!
Here are my readings…

I started with the guidelines issued by MedOAnet (Guidelines for implementing open access policies for research performing and research funding organizations), the “parent project” of PASTEUR4OA: http://medoanet.eu/news/medoanet-guidelines-implementing-open-access-policies-available-7-languages

From this document, I mainly understood 2 points:
* an important step is having the self-archiving step become “business-as-usual” for the researchers, while having the infrastructure (the repository software) deal with the embargo period that may be imposed by a publisher [Green OA]; benefits for Researchers, RFOs (Research Funding Organisations) and RPOs (Research Performing Organisations) are related to the early visibility of work, and the availability of output management information provided by the publication-related metadata entered in the repository, that can be harvested at once even if the full-text is still under embargo (the publication can thus be cited already, and copies can be requested by readers to the authors). This requires clear mandates from RPOs and RFOs to Researchers, and incentives such as the use of the Researcher’s publications data for his/her evaluation (RPOs) or as a requisite to obtain further funding (RFOs).
Edit on 10/04/2014: this is clearly explained using the UK case in this article from Alma Swan:

* the other “OA route”, the Gold OA, is not in opposition to the Green OA. Here, the point is to have a policy but also financial provision for the APCs (Article-Processing Charges).

So, what do we have in France?
A first few queries returned the following links, which I’ll try to describe / summarize: